Famous Diary Entries: The Hard Choices Ahead for the Donner Party

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Donner Party Starvation Camp

Today’s entry in our ongoing look at famous diary entries is a dark one! In the 1840’s a group of pioneers who came to be known as the Donner Party found themselves trapped in the Sierra Nevada Mountains. 36 of its 81-member party unfortunately died as a result of exposure, starvation, and disease.

The diary entry below is from Donner Party member Patrick Breen’s journal, a remarkable documentation of the hardships and conditions that the group of pioneers had to endure. Breen reportedly wrote this diary on several sheets of paper folded to form a thirty-two page book. He used up twenty-nine of the books thirty-two pages, writing it between November 20th, 1846 (several months after the journey began in April) and March 1st, 1847 – the day of the rescue party’s arrival!

This particular page — page 28 — features two entries, written on February 25th and 26th respectively. Outside of Breen’s talk of the harsh conditions and events of the two days — the cold weather, “Martha”‘s toothache, the hunger that has ravaged the camp — this page is interesting because it finds Breen recounting talks he’s heard from other camp members about their growing and distressing need to resort to cannibalism. (Patrick’s wife Margaret reportedly insisted that the Breen family never resorted to cannibalizing the dead members of the camp. It is widely believed that many members of the camp had no other choice.)

Breen speaks of the distress he feels about “Mrs. Murphy’s” idea of eating “Milt.” (“Mrs. Murphy said here yesterday that [she] thought she would commence on Milt and eat him. I don’t think she has done so yet; it is distressing.”) And he mentions the Donners’ having spoken 4 days earlier of eating their buried dead if they couldn’t find their cattle. He concludes the entry suspecting that they’ve already resorted to doing this.

These entries provide an amazing first-person account of a harrowing event in US history. Find below the full text and an image of the page in question:

Thursd. 25th

 

froze hard last night fine & sunshiny to day wind W. Mrs Murphy says the wolves are about to dig up the dead bodies at her shanty, the nights are too cold to watch them, we hear them howl

 

Frid 26th

 

froze hard last night to day clear & warm Wind S: E: blowing briskly. Martha’s jaw swelled with the toothache: hungry times in camp; plenty hides, but the folks will not eat them. We eat them with a tolerable good apetite. Thanks be to Almighty God. Amen. Mrs Murphy said here yesterday that [she] thought she would Commence on Milt. & eat him. I don’t [think] that she has done so yet; it is distressing. The Donners, 4 days ago, told the California folks that they [would] commence to eat the dead people if they did not succeed, that day or next, in finding their cattle, [which were] then under ten or twelve feet of snow, & [the Donners] did not know the spot or near it; I suppose they have done so ere this time.

Patrick Breen of the Donner Party's Diary: Page 28

For the full diary visit the Online Archive of California‘s archives here.

 

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